Eearth Culture
making western society sustainable

Answers to the Big Questions

Do Humans Have Spirit - Climate Science - Abrupt Climate Change - Thermodynamic Oil Collapse
We Are Of The Environment - Out Of Sync With Nature - Many Good Ideas


Some of the big questions to philosophical and spiritual issues cannot be known, so we use the best of our rational minds to provide a sensible answer. These answers, here are derived from a logical contemplation science, Buddhism and common sense.

Yes. No. It depends what you mean; spirit means different things to different people.

Eearth does not believe that humans possess a non-physical 'soul' that exists for eternity independent of the physical body.

Eearth does believe that humans possess a spirit, which is to say that when a human dies, they leave behind rememberences of their lives. If you planted trees when you were alive, the trees are the living memory of your life. If you wrote books, the books are an ongoing reflection of your life. You might also live on in the memories or others.

People remember the artist Van Gough for his paintings - but the hundreds of people who lived in his neighbourhood are lost in time.

Is there a God or Gods?

It really doesn't matter whether there is or isn't a god or gods becuase it/they are unecessary to answer the Big Questions of life.

In many instances, belief in god, afterlife, soul, eternal spirit, heaven, hell and eternity retard progress towards environmental sustainability and huamn contentment.


These ideas are not necessary to explain how to foster
environmental sustainability and human contenment.


There will possibly be an 'after-life' for the minerals that make up your body: these minerals may be absorbed into other living beings. However, the character that was you lives but once, and for not that long, in the big scheme of things. This suggests that if you want to make a difference, you have to do it in this, your only, life time.

Being dead is like that part of being asleep where there is nothing.

When we die, the physical material of our body returns to the biophysical flux of the environment. If we are buried, our body first returns to the soil. If we are cremated, it first returns to the atmosphere.

We can delay this process through embalming, mummifcation, cryogenics, and and other processes, but entropic processes will eventurally erode our physical form and put the components back into circulation. This is only fair, as it gives the opportunity for some other living entity to enjoy the use of our molecules.

We are free to do as we please, but every lifestyle has outcomes and consequences. If we want to live a life that forsters the wellbeing of the natural living systems on Earth and human contentment, we ought to act accordingly, during our time on Earth.

Caterpillers are vegetarians, but lions and sharks aren't. Either way, their eating habits are important for the ecological role that they fulfil. A modern Western diet has a lot of meat in it and there are no useful ecological function served by our livestock. What's more, there are an serious environmental problems associated with our farm animals including nutrient pollution and greenhouse emissions, for example. If, however, you live in an area infested with invasive rabbits, maybe eating rabbit pie will help restore the balance. A vegetarian diet is generally environmentally benign compared to a meat-based diet, as it puts less pressures on the planetary boundaries, so that's good.

Aviation contrails criss-cross the lower stratosphere, evidence of the passing of kerosene-fuelled planes leaving CO2 and water vapor in the atmosphere.

We are here because of a sequence of events that preceded us. If the question is meant to find a definitive justification for our existence, as if to say 'what was the purpose for us being here?' you'll likely find that there is none.

Just becuase a question can be asked, doesn't automatically mean that there is a true or sensible answer awaiting it.

For example, consider this question: 'What is the most appropriate colour of the number 26.5?' That's a question without an answer.

We're just here; and now that we are here, best we create a compelling story about what we ought to do while we are here.

Eearth suggests that we act as guardians of the Earth's living systems so that we leave the biosphere in a healthy condition for subsequent generations.

As best can be understood by evolutionary biologists, Humans evolved from the closest biological relatives, who inturn evolved from theirs. This chain of evolution goes all the way back about 3.8 billion years to a process called Abiogenesis, whereby living organism are spontaneously generated from non-living elements when the conditions are right. Whether abiogenesis occurred on Earth, or on another planet and the organisms on a comet, it's the same thing.

Animals kill animals. And we humans are animals. So killing animals is not in itself wrong. However, we humans behave like unsustainable superpredators (see video below) and kill far more of the wrong ones than we ought to. With respect to fisheries, we kill the big, breeding animals and this has a huge impact on fish stocks. The question is not whether we should kill animals, but which animals, how many, and what for.

Eearth uses nature as a guiding principle, and in nature there is a great variety of sexual practices. Homosexuality is common in nature, particularly among mammals. Read up on the sexual practices of giraffs, mallards, dolphins etc. Human's closet biological relative, the Bonobo or Pygmy Chimpanzee is notoriously promiscuous and inclusive. To get the full picture, refer to sexologist, Dr. Tatiana, video below. Humans are sexual animals, and this is something to be celebrated, not feared.

Probably, yes.

As there are billions upon billions of stars, many with planets in the habitable zone, the odds are that there are millions of planets with life. However, given the vast distances of space, it is most likely they they will never come to us, and we will never go to them. If they ever came to us, they would obviously be greatly technologically advanced and this is likely to be very bad news for us.


Just as humans can damage the Earth, so too can we actually help it by adding resilience.

A desert, devoid of life, need not be that way. Some barren marine pastures can bought to life with a vanishingly small amounts of iron.

A backyard full of weeds can become a small forest. A house can foster habitat for native animals. The biosphere would be abundant without the humans, but could be even more abundant with the right application of wise human intervention.

Infinity Suit

Capsula Mundi

Upon our death, we ought to return to the environment promptly, so that other living organisms might have the benefit of our minerals. It is important to recognise that we may accumulated toxins in our bodies and where possible it would be good to ameliorate these toxins. One way, might be to consider an infinity suit.

Bodies ought not be embalmed or placed in non-biodegradeable caskets. Caskets that are quickly broken down by living organisms are preferred.

Some people might prefer cremation. In this instance, it is important not to use fossil fuels to cremate the body as this will create unneccesary carbon emissions.

Similarly, the body ought not to be dressed in synthetic fibers as these will create unnecessary air pollution. Also, metals in the body ought to be removed, particularly mercury based fillings.

With respect to the disposal of ashes. If these are returned to the environment, this will facilitate the uptake of the minerals into the biosphere. Alternatively, you might like to keep them at home as a memory of the departed.

Or better, still return them to the earth using a Capsula Mundi, or some such device. This burial device is designed to be buried, and a tree planeted on top. In this way, the minerals in the body help to grow the tree.